Your Soybean Checkoff.
The soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is a small plant-parasitic roundworm (Heterodera glycines ) that feeds on the roots of soybeans. Soybean cyst nematode is one of the most important diseases of soybeans. Yield losses occur because plants are producing fewer pods than they should.
|Soil samples taken following harvest provide the best estimates of SCN. Check roots during midseason for the presence of females and cysts.
How to sample soil for SCN»
How to check roots for SCN»
Key points to know about SCN
Choosing SCN-resistant soybean varieties
|The popular SCN Management Guide is based on decades of research on soybean management in SCN-infested fields. It's now in it's 5th edition.
Read online (pdf)»
Crop rotation and planting SCN-resistant varieties are the two most important strategies of SCN management.
To choose SCN-resistant varieties, look for those that yield consistently well in SCN-infested fields on multiple sites (yield data from noninfested fields are not useful).
Also look for varieties that consistently decrease SCN population densities or keep the SCN numbers in check in multiple fields. It is very difficult to reduce SCN numbers in a field once they develop to high levels, so it is important to consider how well SCN-resistant varieties control SCN numbers in order to maintain the productivity of fields for years to come.
Look for data from as many different reliable sources as possible, including university variety trials and strip trials conducted by co-ops, grain elevators, and seed companies.
Remember that high-yielding varieties don’t always control SCN population densities the best, so pay attention to information about SCN reproduction in the field as well as yield. Wise selection of varieties will ensure that soybeans can be grown profitably in SCN-infested fields for many years to come.
| Recommended crop rotations to manage SCN in fields with less than 5000 eggs/100 cc soil.
Greg Tylka, Iowa State University.